Ecology
Term used to describe the biological community structure in an area, including presence of rare or endangered flora and fauna.

Ecosystem
Term used to describe the physical and biological components that make up an area.

EIA
Environmental Impact Assessment.

Emergency Response Plan
Plan detailing the response to specific incident scenarios and explaining emergency arrangements.

Emission
The direct or indirect release of substances, vibration, heat, or noise from an installation into air, water or land.

Environment
Surroundings in which an organisation operates including air, water, land, natural resources, flora, fauna, humans and their interrelation.

Environmental Aspect
Element of the organisationís activities, products or services that can interact with the environment. A significant environmental aspect is an environmental aspect that has or can have significant environmental impact.

Environmental impact
The effect of an organisationís activities, products or services on the environment wheather positive or negative is called an environmental impact.

Ergonomics
Ergonomic is the scientific discipline concerned with the understanding of interactions among humans and other elements of a system, and the profession that applies theory, principles, data and methods to design in order to optimise human well-being and overall system performance. Ergonomics draws together the disciplines of occupational physiology, psychology and design. Physical stresses on the body may result in acute (short term) and chronic (long term) damage (musculoskeletal disorders) and lowering of performance (e.g. fatigue). The mental demands of work may cause psychological stresses. Ergonomics seeks to recognise and evaluate these factors. Control can then be achieved by fitting the task to the individual. Where ergonomics has not been taken into account in the design of workstations and tasks, personnel may suffer, for example, discomfort, musculo-skeletal disorders, psychological stress.

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